Density Ratings for Various Species of Wood (KG per Cubic Meter)

The weight of a wood product is determined by the density of the basic wood structure and by the moisture content of the material. The density of the wood, exclusive of water, varies greatly both within and between species. Variations in density of approximately 10% within a particular species should be considered normal. Moisture makes up part of the weight of wood and should always be taken into consideration. The values below represent the density at approximately 12% moisture content.(1)

  • Purpleheart 1,057 KG/m3
  • Angelim Pedra, Brazilian Apitong 960 KG/m3
  • White Oak 900 KG/m3
  • Apitong, Keruing 790 KG/m3
  • Red Oak 780 KG/m3
  • Douglas Fir 530 KG/m3
  • Western Red Cedar 260 KG/m3

(1) The Wood Handbook - Wood as an engineering material, USDA, General Technical Report 113.